The development of jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) is very likely to be related to liver or bile duct disease. A common cause is due to gallstone disease causing a blockage in the bile ducts. Liver disease may involve inflammation of the liver (hepatitis) which can be acute or chronic. If persistent or long-standing, liver inflammation can lead to fatty changes which can progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis (severe scarring and impaired function).
Causes of Liver Disease
There are multiple causes of liver disease. The most common are:
- Alcohol-related liver disease
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity)
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Drug- or substance-related liver disease
- Genetic diseases such as haemochromatosis (excess iron levels)
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
- Viral hepatitis such as hepatitis B & C
Basic investigations include blood tests and liver scans such as ultrasound or CT.
Treatment options are multiple and are directed towards the specific cause of the liver disease.’
If you are concerned about jaundice or liver disease, you can book a consultation with Dr Goel to discuss investigation and treatment options best suited to you.