Barrett’s oesophagus

What is Barrett’s Oesophagus?

Barrett’s oesophagus is the term given to changes that can occur in the lining of the lower oesophagus (food pipe). If stomach acid refluxes into the oesophagus, it can cause the oesophageal lining to change to become more like the lining of the stomach. These changes may lead to more serious disease including rarely cancer.

Acid reflux

Causes of Barrett’s Oesophagus

The exact cause of Barrett’s oesophagus is unknown. Risk factors associated with the condition include:

  • Acid reflux
  • Older age
  • Male sex
  • Caucasian
  • Centripetal obesity (fat around the waist)
  • Current or past smoking

Barrett’s oesophagus is diagnosed by gastroscopy and biopsies taken during the procedure. Gastroscopy allows for measurement and characterisation of any Barrett’s segments and guides further surveillance and treatment.

Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medical therapy (such as an antacid medication), endoscopic therapy and rarely, surgery.

If you are concerned about Barrett’s oesophagus, you can book a consultation with Dr Goel to discuss investigation and treatment options best suited to you.