What is Peptic Ulcer Disease?
Peptic ulcer disease refers to inflammation and ulcers which can develop in the stomach and/ or duodenum (first part of the small bowel). This can lead to unpleasant symptoms of indigestion, abdominal/stomach pain, nausea, anaemia and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Causes of Peptic Ulcer Disease
- Helicobacter pylori
- Medications, such as anti-inflammatory painkillers NSAIDs (e.g. Ibuprofen)
- Lifestyle factors (e.g. Diet, alcohol intake, smoking, sleeping habits)
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial organism which is present in approximately 50% of the world’s population. In most people, the bacteria causes no problems but in certain individuals it can lead to peptic ulceration. The presence of helicobacter can be easily tested for with a blood test, stool culture or routine biopsy during a gastroscopy.
Peptic ulcer disease is usually diagnosed by the clinical symptoms and gastroscopy is an important test to check for ulcers and helicobacter pylori infection.
Treatment options include lifestyle changes and medical therapy, specifically antacid medication.
If you think you may have peptic ulcer disease or helicobacter pylori infection or are generally worried, you can book a consultation with Dr Goel to discuss investigation and treatment options best suited to you.