What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterised by a group of symptoms which often occur together. The symptoms can have a significant effect on a person’s quality of life and include:
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal bloating
- Change in bowel habit with constipation or diarrhoea or both intermittently
The precise cause of IBS remains unknown although dietary factors, emotional state and previous gastroenteritis (bowel infections) are thought to play a role.
Investigations are usually performed to ensure there is no inflammation or any serious condition. Basic investigations include blood tests and stool tests (e.g. Faecal calprotectin, a marker for bowel inflammation). Less frequently, endoscopic investigations may be required to further investigate symptoms.
Treatment options vary depending on a person’s symptoms and include:
- Dietary (e.g. the low FODMAP diet) & lifestyle changes
- Psychological support
If you are concerned about IBS, you can book a consultation with Dr Goel to discuss investigation and treatment options best suited to you.